SECTION IV. SPILL CONTINGENCY PLANNING
7.12 General. Under the National Contingency Plan, Title 40 CFR, part 300, Federal
installations are to respond to their own oil and hazardous substance spills. Thorough
preplanning of oil and hazardous substance spill response is necessary so that when a spill
occurs, facility personnel can respond quickly and effectively, minimizing damage to human
health and the environment. Contingency planning must take into consideration the following
phases of spill response: discovery; notification; assessment; containment; cleanup; and
7.13 Installation Spill Contingency Plan (ISCP) Development and Content
A. To prepare an ISCP, the various tasks should be assigned to local fire and police teams who
may already have considerable information about accidents within the facility and the nearby
community. Planning shall routinely include the participation of the Environmental Office,
Safety Office, Command Security Office, Public Affairs Office, Radioactive Control Officer, On-
Scene Commander designated in the Facility Contingency Plan, and other appropriate individuals
who might have specific responsibility in the event of a spill. If the required information cannot
be obtained and developed by installation personnel, local industry sources or consultants should
be contacted. In addition the Local Emergency Planning Commission should be advised as
B. In general, spill contingency plans contain certain types of advanced preparedness
information, including amounts and locations of response equipment and materials, but are
primarily oriented toward specifying procedures to be followed in the event of a spill or release
of oil or hazardous chemicals. More specifically, ISCPs will contain:
1. Names, addresses, and 24-hour phone numbers of the On-Scene Commander and alternates.
2. Emergency equipment and response materials, location(s), and capabilities.
3. An evacuation plan, including signals, evacuation routes, and alternate routes.
4. A description of arrangements with local fire and police departments, hospitals, contractors,
and State and local emergency response teams for response or coordination of services.
5. A description of personnel actions and responsibilities required in response to known or
suspected personnel exposures, fires, explosions, or any unplanned sudden or gradual release of
oil, hazardous materials, hazardous substances, or hazardous wastes to air, soil, or surface water
at the facility or nearby community. This response is generally described in the following
a. Phase I: discovery and notification (including both internal reporting and notification of
participating outside organizations).
b. Phase II: containment and countermeasures (such as public health protection, source
control, barrier placement, etc.).