C. Title 29 CFR requires that the OSHA area director be informed, within 24 hours, when any
employee is exposed to suspect carcinogens listed in part 1910, subpart Z, of the Title.
D. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) defines hazardous wastes in Title 40
CFR, part 261. When a hazardous materials release occurs, the spilled material may be a
hazardous waste and, if so, must be handled as such. RCRA includes requirements for
inspections, housekeeping, and personnel training for hazardous waste operations in Title 40
CFR, parts 260 through 265.
E. The Clean Water Act (CWA) contains provisions for a Spill Prevention Control and
Countermeasures (SPCC) Plan in Title 40 CFR, part 112. Facilities storing oil in quantities large
enough to potentially harm the environment or spill in reportable quantities must be included in
an installation's SPCC plan. In addition, these facilities must have spill prevention equipment
and practice spill prevention measures so that the facility will prevent an oil spill from occurring.
7.3 DoD Directive 5030.41. DoD-adopted Federal requirements for individual military
installations in DoD Directive 5030.41, Implementation of the National Oil and Hazardous
Substances Pollution Contingency Plan. Title 40 CFR, section 300.105, requires Federal
agencies to coordinate their planning and response mechanisms with affected State and local
governments and private entities. Federal agencies with facilities or other resources that may be
useful in a Federal response situation are required to make those facilities or resources available
within agency capabilities and authority. The DoD directive requires each facility or activity
with oil or hazardous materials that could be accidentally spilled to have both an SPCC plan and
an Installation Spill Contingency Plan (ISCP).
SECTION II. SPILL PREVENTION MANAGEMENT
7.4 General. DoD installations with facilities that may discharge oil, hazardous materials,
hazardous wastes, or hazardous substances in RQs may be required by statute to prepare an
SPCC plan. The SPCC plan is oriented toward prevention of spills and releases of hazardous
materials. The effects of a spill or release can range from superficial damage with few or no
injuries to a mishap of catastrophic proportions involving loss of life, widespread damage, and
major environmental damage. Regardless of the extent of the damage, productive time is nearly
always lost as personnel and facilities are evacuated, damage is assessed, and the release is
cleaned up. In more severe cases, the facility's ability to perform its assigned mission may be
impaired either temporarily or for a prolonged period if it becomes necessary to suspend
operations. When the total cost of a hazardous materials mishap is considered, including lost
productivity, cleanup and restoration, and replenishment of lost Government-owned stocks, the
appropriateness of the expression "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure" is obvious in
the case of hazardous materials management.
7.5 SPCC Plan Requirements
A. Facility SPCC plans will, as a minimum, specifically address the following areas per Title
40 CFR, part 112: