SECTION IV. PACKING, MARKING, AND LABELING OF HAZARDOUS WASTE
A. Hazardous wastes are regulated by Title 40 CFR (EPA). The EPA requires that a hazardous
waste generator package, mark, and label hazardous wastes in accordance with DOT regulations
(Title 49 CFR) before transporting or offering it for transportation off-site.
B. Packing. Hazardous wastes generated as a result of accidental spills, damage, expired shelf-
life, process wastes, etc., must be packaged in accordance with the applicable DOT regulations
under Title 49 CFR, Parts 173, 178, and 179. Used containers, in lieu of new containers, may be
used as long as the package conforms with the applicable DOT regulations.
C. Marking. Title 40 CFR, section 262.32, requires that, prior to offering hazardous waste for
transportation off site, each generator must mark each package of non-bulk hazardous waste in
accordance with DOT requirements of Title 49 CFR. Use of commercially procured Hazardous
Waste Warning labels meeting the requirement of Title 40 CFR may be substituted for marking
requirements on non-bulk containers. Each non-bulk container must have as a minimum the
following words and information displayed in accordance with the requirements of Title 49 CFR,
1. HAZARDOUS WASTE - Federal Law Prohibits Improper Disposal. If found, contact the
nearest police or public safety authority or the US Environmental Protection Agency
2. Generator's name and address
3. Manifest document number
D. Title 40, CFR, Section 262.34(a)(2) specifies that the date upon which each period of
hazardous waste accumulation begins is clearly marked and visible for inspection on each
E. Labeling. Hazardous Waste must be labeled in accordance with the applicable DOT
regulations under Title 49 CFR, Section 172.101, Column 6.
6.15 Salvage Drums. Packages of hazardous materials that are damaged, defective, or found
leaking and hazardous materials that have spilled or leaked may be placed in a metal or plastic
removable head salvage drum and shipped for repackaging or disposal in accordance with Title
49 CFR, Part 173.3 under the following conditions:
A. The drum must be a UN 1A2, 1B2, 1N2 or 1H2 tested and marked for Packing Group II or
higher for liquids or solids and a leakproofness test of 20 kPa (3 psi). The capacity of the drum
may not exceed 450 Liters (119 gallons).
B. Each drum will be provided sufficient cushioning to prevent excessive movement and
adequate absorption material to absorb any liquids that may leak.