requirements in Parts 178 and 179 of Title 49 CFR. UN packagings must meet the performance
test requirements specified in Part 178, Subpart M of Title 49 CFR for the packing group shown
in Column 5 of the 172.101 Table.
D. Title 49 CFR, Section 173.27 cites the general requirements that apply to packages offered
or intended for transportation by aircraft. The requirements of this section are in addition to the
requirements of Title 49 CFR, Section 173.24.
E. Export Shipments. Often the shipper will not know the ultimate mode of transportation for
export shipments. When this happens, the item may be packaged for surface while intermediate
shippers may plan for air shipment. When this possibility exists, the original shipper should
attempt to contact downline shippers and forwarders to determine if air eligible packaging and
certification is required because this can generally be accomplished in a more cost effective
manner if performed by the original shipper rather than by downstream shippers. It is the
originating shipper's responsibility to prepare the shipment for transportation to the ultimate
F. Palletization. Proper palletization should be accomplished incident to shipment in
accordance with MIL STD 147, Palletized Unit Loads.
6.11 Packaging Process
A. The first step in determining packing, marking, and labeling requirements is to select the
mode of transportation to be used. This will be governed by the nature of the material, mode
restrictions, transportation priority, required delivery date, weight and cube of the shipment, cost
of transportation, distance to be shipped, and mode(s) of transportation serving the installation
and the consignee.
B. When the mode of shipment has been determined, specific packing, marking, and labeling
requirements can be determined. Although a central data base may provide information on
packing, marking, and labeling requirements, packaging personnel must have a working
knowledge of Title 49 CFR and other regulations governing the shipment of hazardous materials.
Personnel involved in this operation must have current copies of the regulations available for use.
C. After the mode of shipment has been selected and the material has been inspected for
packaging configuration, the packager will consult the regulation that governs that mode of
transportation and the DoD PC POP data base. A general guide for determining the packaging
requirements is shown in Section I, Appendix E of this publication.
D. When required to construct a hazardous material package, DoD personnel will use the
Personal Computer - Performance Oriented Packaging (PC-POP) program to determine
packaging configurations that have been tested to the performance standards. For access to this
program, contact the Defense Distribution Center, DDC-TO, 2001 Mission Drive, New
Cumberland, PA 17070.