AFMAN 24-204(I)/TM 38-250/NAVSUP PUB 505/MCO P4030.19H/ DLAI 4145.3
11 DECEMBER 2001
A13.8.1. Used Batteries.
Cells or batteries may not be offered for transportation or transported if any cell has been discharged to the
extent that the open circuit voltage is less than two volts or is less than two-thirds of the voltage of the fully
charged cell, whichever is less.
Used batteries may be transported by military air as authorized by paragraph 3.8. Individually wrap
batteries in nonconductive material and place in a strong outer container with at least one-inch of inert
material surrounding each battery.
A13.8.2. New Batteries. Package cells and batteries in strong inner packagings containing not more than 500
grams of lithium or lithium alloy per inner packaging. Pack inner packaging inside an outer metal box (4A or 4B),
wooden box (4C1, 4C2, 4D, or 4F), fiberboard box (4G), or solid plastic box (4H2), fiber drum (1G), metal drum
(1A2 or 1B2), plywood drum (1D), plastic jerrican (3H2), or metal jerrican (3A2 or 3B2). Packaging must meet PG
II performance level.
A13.8.3. Batteries Contained in or Packed with Equipment.
Pack equipment with installed lithium batteries in a strong waterproof outer packaging or in an outer
packaging made waterproof through the use of a liner (unless the equipment is made waterproof by nature
of its construction). Secure the equipment within the outer packaging to prevent movement, short circuit,
or accidental operation during transport. UN specification packaging is not required.
Cells and batteries packed with equipment must be packed in inner packagings as identified above in
paragraph A13.8.2. Secure to prevent movement and short circuits. Do not pack more than 5 kg of cells or
batteries with each item of equipment.
The requirements of A13.8.1 apply to equipment containing used batteries. The shipper must verify the
battery is above the acceptable voltage discharge level (not required when transporting under the authority
of paragraph 3.8).
A13.8.4. Non-Regulated Lithium Batteries. Lithium batteries are not subject to any other requirements of this
manual if they meet the following:
Each cell with a liquid cathode may contain no more than 0.5 g (.02 ounces) of lithium or lithium alloy, and
each cell of a solid cathode may contain no more than 1.0 g (.04 ounces) of lithium or lithium alloy.
Each battery with a solid cathode must contain a total quantity of no more than 2 g (.07 ounces) of lithium
or lithium alloy, and each battery with a liquid cathode must contain a total quantity of no more than 1.0 g
(.04 ounces) of lithium or lithium alloy.
Each cell or battery containing a liquid cathode must be hermetically sealed.
Cells must be separated to prevent short circuit. Batteries must be separated to prevent short circuit and
must be packed in strong outside containers, except when installed in electronic devices.
If a liquid cathode battery contains more than 0.5 g (.02 ounces) of lithium or lithium alloy, or a solid
cathode battery contains more than 1.0 g (.04 ounces) of lithium or lithium alloy, it may not contain a liquid
or gas that is a hazardous material unless the liquid or gas, if free, would be completely absorbed or
neutralized by other material in the battery.
Batteries meeting the lithium quantity and testing requirements specified in 49 CFR 173.185©.
HA13.9. Carbon Dioxide, Solid (Dry Ice).
A13.9.1. Handling Instructions. Dry ice is extremely cold and will damage human tissue on contact. Store only
in well ventilated areas. Never store in hermetically or tightly sealed containers. To minimize carbon dioxide
concentration within the aircraft during ground operations, open the cargo/access doors and emergency escape
hatches for maximum ventilation.
A13.9.2. Properties of Carbon Dioxide, Solid. At temperatures above -78.5 degrees C (-109.3 degrees F) dry ice
will sublimate and release carbon dioxide fumes. If the carbon dioxide concentration in the aircraft is over 0.5
percent, crewmembers may suffer shortness of breath. Carbon dioxide concentrations of 3.0 percent are endurable
from 1/2 to 1 hour. Concentrations of 5.0 percent are dangerous from 1/2 to 1 hour and concentrations of 9.0
percent are fatal from 5 to 10 minutes. Carbon dioxide is heavier than air; therefore, the highest concentration is at
or near floor level. Caution crewmembers against lying on the cargo compartment floor or remaining in the cargo
compartment for a prolonged period. If symptoms of overexposure are noted, the use of oxygen and increased
ventilation should provide rapid relief.
A13.9.3. Dry Ice Limitations.