Figure 5-20. Typical Portable Ultrasonic Instruments
Waveform Display Controls.
An ultrasonic instrument may have one of several types of waveform display: traditional cathode ray tube (CRT), liquid
crystal display (LCD), or electroluminescent display. Controls affecting the waveform display are discussed below.
With a CRT, if the intensity is allowed to remain at a high level for long periods, it
is possible to permanently burn the display.
The horizontal and vertical scales are illuminated in various ways. On some instruments the scales are scribed on the
faceplate and cannot be illuminated. On a CRT the brightness control for the scales may be integrated with a rotary
power switch or may be a separate control. Other types of display may simply have an on/off switch for illumination
The events in an ultrasonic inspection are related to time that is referenced to the pulses produced by the instrument.
Figure 5-21 illustrates time as seen on a display: a horizontal line called the time base or baseline. Time starts at the
left end of the time base and progresses to the right. The horizontal line appearing on a display is called the sweep.