The need to provide successful magnetic particle testing under varying conditions has resulted in the
development of different materials to accomplish this result. These f luorescent materials are readily
available in a dry concentrate powder form suitable for use in water and/or oil suspensions. Prepared oil-
based baths are also available in aerosol-type cans and bulk quantities.
Except as described in the following subparagraphs, the details of suspension preparation are the same as for
the wet visible non-f luorescent particles (see paragraph 220.127.116.11).
A f luorescent background check shall be accomplished on vehicle material used in the f luorescent magnetic
particle inspection method if conformance to DOD-F-87935 is in question. One procedure for checking the
background is as follows:
a. Obtain a clean glass tube of sufficient length to reach from the middle of the bulk
vehicle container to at least six (6) inches above the container opening when it is in the
b. Insert the tube slowly into the bulk vehicle.
c. Place thumb over protruding end of the glass tube and remove the tube from the
d. Illuminate vehicle in the glass tube with a black light in a darkened area.
e. If vehicle does not f luoresce, proceed with its use. If the vehicle f luoresces, determine
the f luorescence in accordance with the appropriate section of DOD-F-87935. Dispose
of vehicle not conforming to DOD-F-87935.
The rules are identical with those described in paragraph 18.104.22.168 for the wet visible non-f luorescent particles.
However, there are three additional sources of deterioration that can occur in a bath of f luorescent particles,
and that require discarding of the bath when the condition becomes excessive.
Deterioration of Suspension.
a. The first source of deterioration is the separation of the f luorescent pigment from the
magnetic particles. Such separation causes a reduction of f luorescent brightness of
indications and an increase in the overall f luorescence of the background. When this
occurs to a noticeable degree, the bath SHALL be changed. This condition is difficult
to detect in the settling test but can be observed by directing a blacklight at the
settling tube after the normal settling period. Refer to paragraph 22.214.171.124.2 for
additional steps to aid interpretation of observations. Noticeable f luorescence of the
solution with a reduced f luorescence of the particles signifies separation. Observation
by the inspector in the way the bath performs is another method of detecting
b. A second source of deterioration of the bath of f luorescent particles is the accumula-
tion of non-f luorescent magnetic dust or dirt in the bath. When there is a considerable
amount of finely divided magnetic material in the dust carried by the air, this
material will accumulate in the bath along with other dust and dirt. In a bath of wet
visible non-f luorescent particles this does no specific harm until the accumulation of
total dirt is excessive. In the case of f luorescent particles, it tends to decrease the
brightness of the indication. The fine magnetic material is attracted to indications
along with the f luorescent particles, and it takes very little of such non-f luorescent
material to significantly reduce the brightness or visibility of the indication.
c. A third source of deterioration of the f luorescent particle bath is the accumulation of
f luorescent oils and greases from the surfaces of tested parts. This accumulation, in
time, builds up the f luorescence of the liquid vehicle to the point where it interferes
with the visibility of f luorescent particle indications.